In a short video, Dr. Ray Pastore discusses the principles and theories behind multimedia learning. Throughout the video, he emphasized that each multimedia principle must be taken with a grain of salt because every situation and learner differs slightly. He also talks about how learners have different preferences, some of which contradict the research behind certain multimedia strategies. In his video, he did not follow every multimedia principle that he talked about. For example, he did not follow the redundancy principle. This principle states that if the presenter has text written on the screen, they should not read the text out loud because it increases cognitive load and decreases retention, and therefore also learning. Another principle that Dr. Pastore did not follow is the embodiment principle, which states that learners do not necessarily learn better when the presenter is on the screen. This may differ from learner to learner, but I find it helpful when the presenter is on the screen because I find it more engaging and conversational. The last principle that was not followed in the video is the modality principle. This rule states that people learn better from graphics and narration than from graphics and printed text. Because I was sketchnoting, I actually found the test helpful because it allowed me to plan the spacing of my words and images appropriately. However, if I was just listening, I would have found the text on the screen distracting.
One principle that Dr. Pastore did follow, which I found exceptionally helpful, is the interactivity effect. This principle dictates that the teacher should allow learners to control the pace of instruction (e.g. being able to fast forward, pause, and replay). I appreciated this because I was trying to sketchnote (see below) during the video, and therefore needed to pause occasionally in order to fill in my notes.
H5P is a platform which supports the creation of interactive multimedia content. After exploring the H5P website, I have realized how helpful it would be when planning lessons with UDL in mind. Click here to read more in depth about my thoughts on the connection between UDL and multimedia learning. Check out the interactive video on the website below:
When thoughtfully created, and H5P interactive video would address many of the multimedia learning principles, such as the signalling principle, interactivity effect. The signalling principle dictates that when cues are added to indicate that a piece of information is important, it can reduce cognitive load and help students remember the information. I discussed the interactivity effect above, but I think it it worth mentioning a second time. If students can decide the speed at which they interact with the content, they are more likely to retain the material. Interactivity is vital in order to support learners of all abilities.
Falzon, Julia. (2020, June 7). Topic #1: What is Multimedia and Interactive Learning and Why is it Important? WordPress. https://juliafalzon.home.blog/2020/06/07/topic-1-what-is-multimedia-and-interactive-learning-and-why-is-it-important/
Joubel. (2013, October 6) Smoothie. Interactive Video. H5P. https://h5p.org/interactive-video
Pastore, Ray. (2018, August 16). What is Multimedia Learning? What is Multimedia? [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1037&v=g-sknUVq1mk&feature=emb_title